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Recent Articles by Alan Berkowitz 


The Social Norms Approach 

Sexual Assault Prevention: Men Against Violence 

Social Justice Issues  

 

The Social Norms Approach

Fostering Healthy Norms to Prevent Violence and Abuse: The Social Norms Approach
An overview of research and theory underlying the social norms approach including recent studies on the role of misperceived norms in fostering violence, and a discussion of the applicability of the social norms approach to child abuse and sexual assault prevention. Forthcoming in Keith Kaufman (Ed): Preventing Sexual Violence and Exploitation: A Sourcebook, Wood and Barnes Publishers.

 An Overview of the Social Norms Approach
Chapter 13 in Lederman, LC & Stewart, LP (2005) Changing the Culture of College Drinking: A Socially Situated Health Communication Campaign by Hampton Press, Cresskill, NJ. Provides an overview of the research and theory associated with the social norms approach along with a review of challenges to effectiveness.

 The Social Norms Approach to Violence Prevention
A case study that accompanied Young Men as Allies in Preventing Violence Against Women (see article in Sexual Assault Prevention section)

The Social Norms Approach: Theory, Research and Annotated Bibliography
Provides a brief overview of research in support of social norms theory, reviews successful social norms interventions at all three levels of prevention (universal, selective and indicated), summarizes different applications of the approach, and makes recommendations for future development of the field. Included is an annotated bibliography of important publications and articles on the social norms approach. Completely revised and expanded in January, 2003. Also posted on the Higher Education Center Social Norms website.  

Engaging Men as Social Justice Allies in Ending Violence Against Women: Evidence for a Social Norms Approach
(with Patricia Fabiano, H Wesley Perkins, Jeff Linkenbach and Christopher Stark).  An analysis of factors that influence menís willingness to obtain consent and menís willingness to intervene to prevent sexual assault, originally published in 2003 in the ďJournal of American College HealthĒ 52(3):105-112.

Applications of Social Norms Theory to Other Health and Social Justice Issues
Chapter 16 in  The Social Norms Approach to Preventing School and College Age Substance Abuse, published by Jossey Bass in 2003 (H. Wesley Perkins, Ed.) This chapter explores applications of social norms theory to sexual assault prevention for men, eating disorders, and bystander behavior with respect to second hand effects of high-risk drinking and prejudicial behavior.

Sexual Assault Prevention/Men Against Violence

Guidelines for Sanctioning Perpetrators of Sexual Assault.*
Hearing and judicial boards must often deal with a confusing array of evidence and perpetrators who do not fit the conventional stereotypes of ďrapists.Ē This paper provides an overview of the different profiles of sexual assault perpetrators, the characteristics of their assaults, and guidelines for sanctioning them. (Unpublished Manuscript) *available upon request from the author

Fostering Healthy Norms to Prevent Violence and Abuse: The Social Norms Approach
An overview of research and theory underlying the social norms approach including recent studies on the role of misperceived norms in fostering violence, and a discussion of the applicability of the social norms approach to child abuse and sexual assault prevention. Forthcoming in Keith Kaufman (Ed): Preventing Sexual Violence and Exploitation: A Sourcebook, Wood and Barnes Publishers.

An Interview with Alan Berkowitz on Menís Role in Ending Violence Against Women
A wide-ranging interview with Alan conducted in 2005 by the ďCentre for Leadership for WomenĒ in Australia that discusses my philosophy of menís role in violence prevention, reviews different program formats, and explores challenges facing the field.  Also posted on the Center for Leadership for Women website (www.leadershipforwomen.com.au)

Sexual Assault Prevention:  Working with Men to Prevent Violence Against Women
An overview of the field published in 2004 by the Applied Research Forum of the National Resource Center on Domestic Violence that reviews different program formats, the state of the research, menís role in prevention, etc. (www.leadershipforwomen.com.au) 

Sexual Assault Prevention
A brief overview of sexual assault prevention programs for men, written as an entry in Men and Masculinities: A Social, Cultural, and Historical EncyclopediaM. Kimmel and A. Aronson (eds), ABC-Clio, 2004, VII p. 719-720.

Engaging Men as Social Justice Allies in Ending Violence Against Women: Evidence for a Social Norms Approach
(with Patricia Fabiano, H Wesley Perkins, Jeff Linkenbach and Christopher Stark).  An analysis of factors that influence menís willingness to obtain consent and menís willingness to intervene to prevent sexual assault, originally published in the Journal of American College Health  52(3):105-112.

Young Men as Allies in Preventing Violence Against Women: Building Effective Partnerships with Schools 
(with Peter Jaffe, Dean Peacock, Barri Rosenbluth and Carole Sousa) Discusses strategies for forming effective partnerships with schools to engage boys in violence prevention.  Posted on the website of the Family Violence Prevention Fund (www.endabuse.org/bpi) along with five case studies

The Social Norms Approach to Violence Prevention
A case study that accompanied  Young Men as Allies in Preventing Violence Against Women (see article in Sexual Assault Prevention section)

Fostering Men's Responsibility for Preventing Sexual Assault
Published as Chapter 7 in: Paul A. Schewe (Ed), Preventing Intimate Partner Violence: Developmentally Appropriate Interventions Across the Lifespan. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association, 2002. This chapter provides a rationale for all-male sexual assault prevention programs along with a summary of literature reviews supporting this conclusion, outlines essential program elements and formats for working with men, and suggests a developmental model for working with men which integrates various approaches. The chapter concludes with recommendations for future research and implications for program design and development.  Available from the American Psychological Association, 800 374-2721, www.apa.org/books/.

Critical Elements of Sexual Assault Prevention and Risk Reduction Programs for Men and Women
Originally published in 2001 as Chapter 3 in C. Kilmartin: Sexual Assault in Context: Teaching College Men About Gender. Republished with the same title by Lawrence Earlbaum Associates in 2005 (ISBN 0-8058-5542-4). Discusses characteristics of effective programs, provides a rationale for terminology (risk reduction/deterrence vs. prevention), and reviews critical elements of sexual assault prevention and risk reduction programs for men and/or women.

Are Foubert's Claims About "The Men's Program" Overstated?
"The Men's Program" is one of the better know rape prevention programs for men and considerable research has been conducted about it. This paper reviews research on "The Men's Program" along with claims made by its author and concludes that, while it may be effective, claims for its effectiveness have been overstated. Philosophical and theoretical problems with the program and its assumption are reviewed as well. A response from John Foubert, the founder of the Menís Program, is included.

Guidelines for Consent in Intimate Relationships
One of the essential components of sexual assault prevention and risk reduction programs is the establishment of clear guidelines for consent. An understanding of the conditions necessary for consent will help prevent individuals from perpetrating unwanted sexual intimacy and will also help bystanders identify risky situations that require intervention. This articled reviews elements of consent and outlines strategies for addressing this topic in workshops published in March/April 2002 (Vol 3, #4) issue of Campus Safety and Student Development.

Applications of Social Norms Theory to Other Health and Social Justice Issues
Chapter 16 in The Social Norms Approach to Preventing School and College Age Substance Abuse, published by Jossey Bass in 2003 (H. Wesley Perkins, Ed.) This chapter explores applications of social norms theory to sexual assault prevention for men, eating disorders, and bystander behavior with respect to second hand effects of high-risk drinking and prejudicial behavior.

Social Justice Issues 

Coming Out to my Homophobia and Heterosexism: Lessons Learned in the Journey of an Ally
A personal narrative describing how I have become aware of and struggled with homophobia and heterosexism in my life. Chapter 3 in Deconstructing Heterosexism in the Counseling Professions: A Narrative Approach (JM Croteau, JS Lark, MA Lidderdale & Y Chung, Eds), 2004, Sage Publications Multicultural Aspects of Counseling Series 20.

Engaging Men as Social Justice Allies in Ending Violence Against Women: Evidence for a Social Norms Approach
(with Patricia Fabiano, H Wesley Perkins, Jeff Linkenbach and Christopher Stark).  An analysis of factors that influence menís willingness to obtain consent and menís willingness to intervene to prevent sexual assault, published in 2003 in the Journal of American College Health 52(3):105-112.

Fostering Men's Responsibility for Preventing Sexual Assault
Published as Chapter 7 in: Paul A. Schewe (Ed), Preventing Intimate Partner Violence: Developmentally Appropriate Interventions Across the Lifespan. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association, 2002. This chapter provides a rationale for all-male sexual assault prevention programs along with a summary of literature reviews supporting this conclusion, outlines essential program elements and formats for working with men, and suggests a developmental model for working with men which integrates various approaches. The chapter concludes with recommendations for future research and implications for program design and development.  Available from the American Psychological Association, 800 374-2721, www.apa.org/books/.

Applications of Social Norms Theory to Other Health and Social Justice Issues
Chapter 16 in The Social Norms Approach to Preventing School and College Age Substance Abuse, published by Jossey Bass in 2003 (H. Wesley Perkins, Ed.) This chapter explores applications of social norms theory to sexual assault prevention for men, eating disorders, and bystander behavior with respect to second hand effects of high-risk drinking and prejudicial behavior.